In a recent visit to Georgia, U.S. Surgeon General Jerome Adams had a message for the Latino community specifically:
“There are two things I wish to say to the Latino community. Number one, don’t fool yourselves; this isn’t just a white people problem, it’s not just a rural problem, this is a problem in all communities. Overdoses are increasing, and I want the Latino community to know that they and their loved ones could become victims of the opioid epidemic like anybody else. Number two, use these tragedies to have a deeper discussion about health in your communities, to talk about housing, about employment,” said Adams in an interview with MundoHispánico.
In an interview with MundoHispánico in 2016, Pierluigi Mancini, founder and former director of CETPA, explained that through a medical directive put into practice in the 1990s, which required medical staff in emergency rooms to ask patients their pain level, the number of narcotics prescriptions, such as morphine, oxycodone and hydrocodone skyrocketed.
“At the end of the 90s we began seeing an increase in medical clinics with the sole objective of selling narcotic prescriptions,” said Mancini.
In 2010, however, after the number of opioid addicts and overdose deaths shot up, the government decided to shut down clinics where people could easily obtain narcotics.
“In those 25 years, we created a group of people addicted to opium and to narcotic pain medications, and, since they no longer had a clinic to go and get their prescription, and that drug was no longer as available in the streets like before, we began seeing an increase in the consumption of heroin, with lower prices,” added Mancini.
The face of the opioid crisis is getting increasingly younger. The majority of users are between 18 and 25 years old, according to the National Institute on Drug Abuse.
However, those who work with youth say they are seeing more addicts who are younger than 18.
Plazas says that Hispanic teenagers do not have to go far to find these pills.
“Hispanics tend to hold on to medications in case we ever need them again,” explained Plazas, who emphasized the importance of properly disposing of these drugs, in designated locations.
“Many of these places are in police departments. Some people are nervous to go to police stations, but don’t worry, we’re just trying to get people to get rid of drugs they no longer need at home, and obviously if you don’t want to go to the police station, I know that some pharmacies such as Walgreens or CVS also have drop boxes,” said Plazas.
Reyes, for his part, must take these medications daily due to his health problems, but he asks himself why young people would risk their lives using narcotic drugs without a medical necessity to do so. He has a strong message for those who think a pill won’t do them any harm.
“You can say, ‘that’s not going to happen to me, I just have a little bag with two or three pills. It’s to keep me alert. I have exams.’ It will grab hold of you like a pitbull. It’s going to destroy your mind. It’s going to destroy your body. It’s going to destroy everything. It’s very ignorant for a person to say, ‘that won’t be me. I’m not going to let that happen, because I’m in control.’ Sooner or later, and very easily, it’s going to control you,” assured Reyes.
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"The [superblood] concept is interesting," says Brian Wolpin, MD, MPH, director of the Gastrointestinal Cancer Center and the Hale Center for Pancreatic Cancer at the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute. Further testing will need to prove whether it will have a substantial impact on the diseases it treats.
Whether the new approach catches on will depend not only on how superior the treatment is, but also on costs, Radu of UCLA says.